In Australia, the civilians learned that two of their ships went down in the Java Sea.
12 March – before being flown out of the Philippine Islands, General Douglas MacArthur said his famous parting words, “I shall return,” and Lt.Gen. Jonathan Wainwright assumed command. Pres. Roosevelt’s empty promises of, “mile-long” convoys of relief on their way – were never sent.
13 March – The submarine, USS Gar sank the Japanese cargo ship, Chichiubu Maru, off the coast of Honshu Province, Japan.
14 March – The first convoy of 30,000 American troops began to arrive in Australia. (Since 2 March, all physically fit Australian men were considered eligible for war service.
16-18 March – in New Guinea, US and Australian air units attacked the Japanese shipping and shore installations around Lae and Salamura. Two enemy heavy cruisers…
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