Original New York Central Railroad

 

Watch for some of these folks in our biographies

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DewittClinton

The “Dewitt Clinton” was the first run of the first component of the New York Central System

WestAlbany1909shops

Old postcard of the West Albany shops of the New York Central Railroad

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999Corning1954

Erastus Corning II, Mayor of Albany, inspects NY Central locomotive 999

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MohawkValleyTracks

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What Made Up the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad?
Formation of the New York Central Railroad

Boston & Albany Railroad

West Shore Railroad Company

Rome Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad Company

Little Falls & Dolgeville Railroad Co.

The Niagara Falls Branch Railroad Co.

Carthage Watertown & Sacketts Harbor Railroad Co.

Oswego & Rome Railroad Co.

The railroad was created in 1853 by the merger of ten other railroads, spearheaded by Albany industrialist and Mohawk Valley Railroad owner Erastus Corning:
Albany & Schenectady Railroad
Mohawk Valley Railroad
Schenectady & Troy Railroad
Syracuse & Utica Direct Railroad
Rochester & Syracuse Railroad
Buffalo & Rochester Railroad
Rochester, Lockport & Niagara Falls Railroad
Rochester & Lake Ontario Railroad
Buffalo & Niagara Falls Railroad
Buffalo & Lockport Railroad

Between 1853 and 1869, the following railroads were merged into the New York Central:
Buffalo & Niagara Falls Railroad Co.

Lewiston Railroad Co.
Rochester & Lake Ontario Railroad Co.
Saratoga & Hudson River Railroad Co.

 

In 1869 the New York Central and the Hudson River Railroad were merged.

Before 1914, the following Railroads were merged into the New York Central & Hudson River:
Buffalo Erie Basin Railroad Co.
Carthage & Adirondack Railway Co.
Geneva and Lyons Railroad Co.
Gouverneur & Oswegatchie Railroad Co.

Mohawk and Malone Railway Co.
New York & Ottawa Railway Co.
New York & Putnam Railroad Co.
New York Central Niagara River Railroad Co.(The)
Spuyten Duyvil & Port Morris Railroad Co. (The)
Tivoli Hollow Railroad Co. (chartered in 1893. It was completed 1.23 mi. in City of Albany, prior to 1903 (exact date not known).

The Mohawk & Malone was formed from the following:
Herkimer, Newport & Poland Railway
Herkimer, Newport & Poland Extension Railway
Herkimer, Newport & Poland Narrow Gauge Railway

Mohawk & Adirondack Railroad Co.
Mohawk Valley & Northern Railroad Co.
St. Lawrence & Adirondack Railroad Co.

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LakePlacid1992

Webb’s Wilderness Railroad opened up the Adirondack wilderness. Although educated as a physician, William Seward Webb built two hundred miles of railroad and opened up the Adirondack wilderness where others had failed. New York Central tracks reached into the Adirondacks. One line even went across the Canadian border to Ottawa. The 643-mile Rome Watertown and Ogdensburgh became a part of the New York Central in 1891.

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1965AnnualMeeting

It took until the 1960’s before the Annual Meeting of the New York Central was held anyplace but Albany, New York (the official headquarters of the corporation).

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THE AGREEMENT OF CONSOLIDATION
FORMING THE NEW YORK CENTRAL RAILROAD COMPANY
Dated April 29, 1914

Agreement of consolidation of:

THE NEW YORK CENTRAL AND HUDSON RIVER RR COMPANY

THE LAKE SHORE AND MICHIGAN SOUTHERN RAILROAD COMPANY

GENEVA CORNING AND SOUTHERN RAILROAD COMPANY

THE TERMINAL RAILWAY OF BUFFALO

THE DUNKIRK, ALLEGHENY VALLEY AND PITTSBURGH RAILWAY COMPANY

CHICAGO, INDIANA AND SOUTHERN RAILROAD COMPANY

DETROIT AND CHICAGO RAILROAD COMPANY

DETROIT, MONROE AND TOLDEO RAILROAD COMPANY

KALAMAZOO AND WHITE PIGEON RAILROAD COMPANY

THE NORTHERN CENTRAL MICHIGAN RAILROAD COMPANY and

THE SWAN CREEK RAILWAY COMPANY OF TOLEDO

into THE NEW YORK CENTRAL RAILROAD COMPANY
THE CORPORATION SHALL CONTIUNUE FOR FIFTY YEARS
The number of directors who shall manage its affairs shall be fifteen.

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Westward Expansion: The Lake Shore & Michigan Southern

While the original New York Central was developing in the East. The next move for the railroad to expand was developing to the West of Buffalo. Read more about the many railroads that became the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern.

The Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway Company was formed in 1869, under the laws of the States of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan and Illinois, by the consolidation of The Michigan Southern and Northern Indiana Railroad Company with a line from Chicago to Toledo, The Lake Shore Railway Company with a line from Toledo to Erie, and The Buffalo and Erie Railroad Company with a line from Erie to Buffalo. The two first named companies were consolidated on April 6, 1869, under the name of The Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway Company, and this company was, on June 22, 1869, consolidated with The Buffalo and Erie Railroad Company, retaining the former name.

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Key Dates in New York Central History

May 27, 1794 Cornelius Vanderbilt, creator of the New York Central & Hudson River Railroad, is born.

December 28, 1825 George Featherstonhaugh (pronounced fen-shaw), of Duanesburgh NY, runs a newspaper notice announcing the formation of the Mohawk & Hudson Rail Road Company.

July 29, 1830 Construction begins on the Mohawk & Hudson Railroad (later NYC) in New York.

July 2, 1831 First test of the “Dewitt Clinton” on the Mohawk & Hudson Railroad.

August 9, 1831 The “DeWitt Clinton” makes its first regular run on the Mohawk & Hudson (later NYC) between Albany and Schenectady. The original M&H ROW is currently in service from the curve near Rensselaer Lake to roughly CP 156 (Carman cutoff), operated by Amtrak and CSX. On the Albany side, east of the curve a couple locations exist where it still can be seen one at the Fuller Road exit of I90 and others on the SUNY campus and adjacent properties. The location of the Albany plane in in a hollow but could observe nothing of the former rairoad. On the SDY side, the plane was on the location Crane street, from the end of Chrisler Ave. The area of SDY in Mount Pleasant called “engine hill” for the engine of the incline plane. Do a google map search; the long tangent between Albany and Schenectady is the original ROW. PKL

November 14, 1832 First train on the New York & Haarlem Railroad.

June 13, 1845 The Troy & Greenbush Railroad opens between Troy and Greenbush, NY. It is the last link in an all-rail line between Boston and Buffalo.

May 12, 1846 The Hudson River Railroad is incorporated with the goal of building a line from New York City to Albany.

May 21, 1852 The first train enters Chicago.

January 24, 1853 The Toledo, Norwalk & Cleveland Railroad Company (later LS&MS, NYC, PC, CR, NS) opens, forming the last link in the chain of roads from Chicago to New York and Boston.

July 7, 1853 The railroads linking Albany and Buffalo file papers with the Secretary of State of New York to form the New York Central.
Albany and Schenectady (nee Mohawk and Hudson Railroad Company 1831)
Utica and Schenectady 1835
Syracuse and Utica 1839
Auburn and Syracuse 1836
Auburn and Rochester 1840
Tonawanda 1836
Schenectady and Troy 1843
Rochester and Syracuse 1853
Batavia and Attica 1845
Attica and Buffalo 1845
Rochester and Buffalo 1859
Rochester and Lockport and Niagara Falls 1852
Niagara Falls and Lewiston 1854
Lockport and Tonawanda 1853
Rochester and Charlotte 1853

1857 The New York Central and the Hudson River Railroads begin operating a “Lightning Train” between New York City and Buffalo in 15 hours, or an average of 40 MPH.

1857 The New York Central and the Hudson River Railroads begin operating a “Lightning Train” between New York City and Buffalo in 15 hours, or an average of 40 MPH.

May 8, 1858 The New York Central provides a sleeping car on overnight trains between Albany and Buffalo NY.

1886, the Utica & Black River railroad was purchased by the Rome Watertown & Ogdensburg Railroad.

June 30, 1889 The Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad (The Big Four) is formed from the merger of the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati & Indianapolis Railway, the Cincinnati, Indianapolis, St. Louis & Chicago Railway and the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railway.

May 10, 1893 New York Central’s 4-4-0 “999” sets an absolute speed record (fastest speed attained by humans) of 112.5 miles per hour.

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